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FAQ General

Lead acid batteries are made up of plates of lead and separate plates of lead dioxide, which are submerged into an electrolyte solution of about 35% sulphuric acid and 65% water. This causes a chemical reaction that releases electrons allowing them to flow through conductors to produce electricity. As the battery discharges, the acid of the electrolyte reacts with the materials of the plates charging their surface to lead sulphate. When the battery is recharged, the chemical reaction is reversed and the lead sulphate reforms into lead oxide and lead. With the plates restored to their original condition, the process may now be repeated.

Types of Batteries


  • Are used by most people every day and are produced in greater numbers than any other type of lead acid storage battery.
  • They are used to start automobiles and most other kinds of internal combustion engines.
  • Automotive SLI batteries are usually lead acid type and are made of six galvanic cells in series to provide a 12 volt system.
  • Heavy vehicles such as trucks may have 2 batteries in a series for a 24 volt system, or may have a parallel string of batteries.
Examples: automotive, marine, truck.


  • An electrical vehicle battery (EVB) or traction battery is a rechargeable battery used for propulsion of batteries electric vehicles (BEVs).
  • Electric vehicle batteries differ from SLIs because they are designed to give power over sustained period of time.
Examples: forklifts, electric golf carts, riding floor scrubbers, electric motorcycles and other electric vehicles.


  • These are often used for emergency power or uninterruptable power supply applications.
  • They are shallow-cycle batteries intended to remain close to fully charged for the majority of their lifetime with only occasional deep discharges.
1. What is a lead-acid battery?
2. What is important to know about Lead-acid batteries?
3. What is important to know when handling batteries?
4. How many types of lead-acid batteries?
5. What are wet Cell, Gel-Cell and Absorbed Glass Mat (AGM) batteries?
6. What do I do if I splash some battery acid in my eyes or skin?

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